Over 300,000 people preordered the Tesla 3, the all-electric car that performs comparably to a Ferrari, and travels 325 miles continuously on a single charge. The hype has a lot of people grabbing their checkbooks, but before you sign on the dotted line, you should understand everything that’s involved in transitioning to owning an electric-powered vehicle.
An electric vehicle (EV) can refer to three types of vehicles. These are battery electric vehicles (BEV), plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles (pHEV) and hybrid-electric vehicles (HEV). For a truly all-electric drivetrain, you would need to look for a BEV.
One important fact that hasn’t been effectively delivered to consumers is the savings of owning an EV. When running on electricity, a car is 50% cheaper to operate than when running on fossil fuels. Although the upfront cost of an EV is higher, after around 50,000 miles, the fuel savings begin to pay back the investment. This comparison is even more pronounced when comparing EVs against luxury or sports cars such as the Mercedes or Porsche.
Charging an electric car
It’s easy to charge an electric car. It can be done anywhere that has an outlet or charging station. It’s common for people to charge their vehicles at home and at work. You can also find charging stations at public places such as gas stations and grocery stores. There are also aftermarket products that can increase your charging speed.
For greater convenience, you could install a charging station at your home to decrease charging times drastically. This mainly entails upgrading one of your power outlets to 220v or 240v and 30 amps. The fastest available charging solution is the Level 3 480v outlet, which can charge 80% of the battery power in 30 minutes.
The electric range is the distance your vehicle can travel on electric power without recharging. This distance varies a lot from one car model to another. The temperature and weather conditions can also alter this significantly, as well as your driving style. In general, people with electric cars have to be constantly aware of their charge level to avoid being stranded with an inoperable car.
To maximize the range of your vehicle, use a consistent speed. Avoid unnecessary braking, accelerating and decelerating. You will also travel further if you put the car into its “eco” setting. It’s also helpful to keep the tires properly inflated and keep the vehicle in a warm place because cold degrades the performance of the battery.
The amount of time the battery will operate before it needs to be replaced depends on a number of factors. If you avoid completely depleting the battery charge, it could last up to 4 times longer.
We have a lot more makes and models of electric cars to choose from nowadays than just several years ago. This is largely due to the long-range vehicles such as the Tesla and the Chevy Bolt. However, EVs still only make up about 1% of new vehicle sales.